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Thursday, May 7, 2020 | History

2 edition of Enhancement of apple seedling growth and phosphorous uptake by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae found in the catalog.

Enhancement of apple seedling growth and phosphorous uptake by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae

Ernest Hoepfner

Enhancement of apple seedling growth and phosphorous uptake by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae

by Ernest Hoepfner

  • 55 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Mycorrhizas.,
  • Apples -- Fertilizers.

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesEnhancement of apple seedling growth and phosphorus uptake by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae.
    Statementby Ernest Hoepfner.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationx, 77 leaves, bound :
    Number of Pages77
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16540808M

    the increased plant growth and development, greater than plants grown under standard cultivation conditions. (ii) A group of PGPB, referred to as biocontrol-PGPB [4], indirectly promote plant growth by preventing deleterious effects of phytopathogenic bacteria, fungi, nematodes and viruses. Apple trees show a strong dependency on mycorrhizae [24], and in orchards they form symbiosis with the naturally occurring vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) flora [25][26]. reported a significant enhancement of banana plants as a result of dual inoculation of arbscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and. .

    This banner text can have markup.. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation. 1. Introduction. Drought stress is negatively affect the plant production all over the world, especially in arid and semi-arid regions like Saudi Arabia, and is expected to increase with climate changes such as increasing of global temperature and increasing soil drought ().Soil drought is a widespread problem in the World, which restricts plant growth and biomass production, particularly in Cited by: 8.

    Influence of inoculum density of two vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and temperature/light intensity on Trifolium repens Nordic Journal of Botany Effects of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizas and phosphorus on water status and growth of apple Journal of Plant Nutrition Silvia Tavarini, Barbara Passera, Andrea Martini, Luciano Avio, Cristiana Sbrana, Manuela Giovannetti and Luciana G. Angelini, Plant growth, steviol glycosides and nutrient uptake as affected by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and phosphorous fertilization in Stevia rebaudiana Bert, Industrial Crops and Products, , (), ().


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Enhancement of apple seedling growth and phosphorous uptake by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae by Ernest Hoepfner Download PDF EPUB FB2

Effect of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae and phosphorus on leaf and soil nutrient status of apple seedlings Article in Indian Journal of Horticulture January with 30 Reads.

the soil, especially phosphorous (P) (4—6, 18). Enhancement of apple tree growth by VA mycorrhizae, as well as changes in chemical composition of tree tissues, were reported by Mosse (16, 17). In fumigated soil, VA mycorrhizae increase growth and zinc uptake of apple seedlings (2).

Methyl bromide (MB) fumigation is currently recommended to. ): Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi improve the growth and phosphorus uptake of mung bean plants fertilized with composted rock phosphate fed dung in.

The beneficial effects of arbuscular mycorrhizas on plant growth are in most cases caused by the transfer of mineral nutrients from the fungus to its host plant. Nutrients involved are those which Hyphal phosphorus transport, a keystone to mycorrhizal enhancement of plant growth | SpringerLinkCited by: Powell, C.L.

Plant growth responses to vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza. VIII. Uptake of P by onion and clover infected with different Endogone spore types in 32P-labelled soil.

New Phytol. – Google ScholarCited by: Six species of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi (Glomus aggregatum, G. clarum, G. etunicatum, G. intraradices, G. mosseae and G. versiforme) were evaluated, in three greenhouse experiments, for their effects on reproduction of the root-lesion nematode, Pratylenchus penetrans, and growth of Ottawa 3 apple by: Mycorrhizae can increase plant growth, especially in infertile soils, as a result of an enhanced ability of colonized roots to absorb nutrients (Gerdemann, ).

Secondarily, AM benefit plants. The objective of the study was to explore the influences of arbuscular mycorrhizae (AM), phosphorus (P) fertiliser, biochar application (BC) and their interactions on Medicago sativa growth, nutrient, Cd content and AM fungi-plant symbioses.

Applications of both P fertiliser and BC significantly increased total biomass and P and potassium (K) uptake, regardless of AM. Inoculation increased P uptake in all substrates. Plant growth was enhanced by inoculation in two of the substrates. During the growth period, the P content of the substrate was severely depleted, and this may explain the intense root colonization and nutrient uptake enhancement Cited by: Mycorrhizae also have effects on boron uptake of apple seedling (Gastol et al., ) and translocation (Shireen et al., ; Watts-Williams and Cavagnaro, ).

Roots and hyphae were the first structure to respond to boron uptake and translocation in plant : İbrahim Ortaş. The beneficial effects of mycorrhizae on plant growth have often been related to the increase in the uptake of immobile nutrients, especially phosphorus (P). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are key organisms of the soil–plant system, and contribute to the uptake of nutrients and water.

AMF also play a role in the aggregation and structural stability of soil. Biochar may provide a suitable habitat for mycorrhizal growth, which is Cited by: 5. & Tul.) on the growth and mineral composition of shoots and roots of apple seedlings (Malus micromalus Makino) were studied.

Variables were air temperature and sterilization of soil. Variables were air temperature and sterilization of by: Apple Rootstock Response to Vesicular-arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in a High Phosphorus Soil Article (PDF Available) in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science.

Mycorrhizae are the root-symbionts which obtain their nutrients from the plant and provide mineral elements like N, P, K, Ca, S and Zn to the host plant.

This review is an attempt to explore the suppressing abilities of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) against soil borne pathogens (root feeding nematodes and fungi), infecting various crops.

Schnepf A, Roose T, Schweiger P () Impact of growth and uptake patterns of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on plant phosphorus uptake – a modelling study. Plant Soil –99 Google Scholar Schnepf A, Leitner D, Klepsch S, Pellerin S, Mollier A () Modelling phosphorus dynamics in the soil–plant by:   The positive effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) have been demonstrated for plant biomass, and zinc (Zn) and phosphorus (P) uptake, under soil nutrient deficiency.

Additionally, a Author: Thi Diem Nguyen, Timothy R. Cavagnaro, Stephanie J. Watts-Williams. A major problem in fruit cultivation in Flanders is replant disease due to a lack of uncultivated soils available for new plantings.

Replant disease can cause poor growth and affect time to full production, however Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) can prove their usefulness with regard to these problems.

To further investigate the effect of AMF on nematodes, different AMF species were Author: An Ceustermans, Wendy Van Hemelrijck, Jelle Van Campenhout, Dany Bylemans. Effects of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal infection in first, second and third cereal crops.

Efficiency and kinetics of phosphorus uptake from soil by various barley genotypes. Enhancement of growth and phosphorus concentrations in apple seedlings by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae.

Phosphorus (P) is one of the major plant growth-limiting nutrients although it is abundant in soils in both inorganic and organic forms. Phosphate solubilizing micro-organisms (PSMs) are ubiquitous in soils and could play an important role in supplying P to plants in a more environmentally friendly and sustainable by:.

Enhancement of nutrient uptake by AM fungi and PGPB is a fundamental mechanism in ameliorating the adverse effects of drought stress on plant growth (Rapparini and Penuelas, ). Conclusion In conclusion, our results show that application of AM fungi, especially G.

etunicatum, and PGPB can improve growth and nutrient acquisition of walnut Cited by: 1. Potassium (K+) is one of the most abundant elements of soil composition but it's very low availability limits plant growth and productivity of ecosystems.

Because this cation participates in many biological processes, its constitutive uptake from soil solution is crucial for the plant cell machinery. Thus, the understanding of strategies responsible of K+ nutrition is a major issue in plant Cited by: Marschner H, Dell B ().

Nutrient uptake in mycorrhizal symbiosis. Plant and Soil Miller JC, Jr, Rajapakse S, Garber RK (). Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae in vegetable crops.

Horti. Sci. 2l Mollier A., Pellerin S (). Maize root system growth and development as influenced by phosphorus deficiency. J. Exp. Bot Cited by: 2.